Article 31 of the 1982 Constitution of the People's Republic of China (while the administrative divisions are provided by Article 30 of the Constitution.) Article 31 reads "The state may establish special administrative regions when necessary. The systems to be instituted in special administrative regions shall be prescribed by law enacted by the National People's Congress in the light of the specific conditions".
At present, there are two special administrative regions, namely Hong Kong and Macau, which were former British and Portuguese territories respectively. Neither of them is part of any other administrative division. Each of them has a Chief executive (gubernatorial). Each territory has its Basic Law, and in both basic laws there is an article stating that the territory is a "local administrative region of the People's Republic of China, which shall enjoy a high degree of autonomy and come directly under the Central
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