The Dersim Massacre took place in 1937 and 1938 in Dersim, now called Tunceli Province, in Turkey. It was caused by the armed resistance of the local feudal chiefs (agas) against the 1934 Resettlement Law executed by Turkey's central govenment at that time. Thousands of Alevi and Zaza Kurds died and many others were internally displaced due to the conflicts between the local rebels and the national forces.
The incident has been defended by some as a legitimate military act and condemned by others as a genocide or ethnocide. In 2011, Turkish prime minister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan gave an official apology for the massacre, describing it as "one of the most tragic events of our recent history".
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